Iteration

Stylus allows you to iterate expressions via the for/in construct, taking the form of:

  for <val-name> [, <key-name>] in <expression>

For example:

body
  for num in 1 2 3
    foo num

Yields:

  body {
    foo: 1;
    foo: 2;
    foo: 3;
  }

The example below shows how to use the <key-name>:

  body
    fonts = Impact Arial sans-serif
    for font, i in fonts
      foo i font

Yielding:

    body {
      foo: 0 Impact;
      foo: 1 Arial;
      foo: 2 sans-serif;
    }

And here’s how you do a regular for loop

body
  for num in (1..5)
    foo num

Yields:

body {
  foo: 1;
  foo: 2;
  foo: 3;
  foo: 4;
  foo: 5;
}

Mixins

We can use iteration within mixins to produce powerful functionality. For example, we can apply expression pairs as properties using interpolation and iteration.

Below we define apply(), conditionally utilizing all the arguments so that comma-delimited and expression lists are supported:

 apply(props)
   props = arguments if length(arguments) > 1
   for prop in props
     {prop[0]} prop[1]

 body
   apply(one 1, two 2, three 3)

 body
   list = (one 1) (two 2) (three 3)
   apply(list)

Functions

Stylus functions may also contain for-loops. Below are some example use-cases:

Sum:

  sum(nums)
    sum = 0
    for n in nums
      sum += n

  sum(1 2 3)
  // => 6

join:

  join(delim, args)
    buf = ''
    for arg, index in args
      if index
        buf += delim + arg
      else
        buf += arg

  join(', ', foo bar baz)
  // => "foo, bar, baz"

Postfix

Much like if / unless may be utilized post-statement, the same can be done with for. Below are the same examples as above utilizing the postfix syntax:

   sum(nums)
     sum = 0
     sum += n for n in nums


   join(delim, args)
     buf = ''
     buf += i ? delim + arg : arg for arg, i in args

We can also return from within a loop, below is an example returning the number when n % 2 == 0 evaluates to true.

 first-even(nums)
   return n if n % 2 == 0 for n in nums

 first-even(1 3 5 5 6 3 2)
 // => 6
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